Risk of death within 7 days of discharge from emergency departments with different organizational models

A. Møllekær, H. Kirkegaard, B. Vest Hansen, I. Duvald, J. K. Eskildsen, B. Obel, and B. Madsen, “Risk of death within 7 days of discharge from emergency departments with different organizational models,” European journal of emergency medicine, vol. 27, iss. 1, p. 27–32, 2020.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between emergency department (ED) organizational models and the risk of death within 7 days of ED discharge.Patients and methods: We included Danish ED discharges between 1 January 2011 and 24 December 2014 that led to death within 7 days of discharge. The inclusion criterion was age older than 18 years. The exclusion criterion was further in-hospital admission. First model (Virtual): other departments employ interns who perform ED tasks. They are responsible for ED patient care and prioritize their task order between their own department and the ED.Second model (Hybrid): the ED/other departments perform tasks; interns/consultants are employed by the ED/other departments. The ED/other departments have patient care responsibility.Third model (Independent): the ED performs all tasks; employs interns/consultants; and have patient care responsibility.Sex, age, Charlson Comorbidity Index score, and primary diagnosis were used to describe patient characteristics. We calculated the risk of death within 7 days of discharge using multiple logistic regression analysis.Results: In 805 out of 201 299 discharges included in the study, the patient died within 7 days. Compared with the Virtual model, the odds ratio for death within 7 days of discharge was 0.72 (95\% confidence interval: 0.59–0.92) for the Independent model and 0.75 (95\% confidence interval: 0.61–0.92) for the Hybrid+Virtual model. Increased risk was associated with male sex, older age, and a medium or a high Charlson Comorbidity Index score.Conclusion: Compared with discharges from a Virtual model, the risk of death within 7 days of discharge was lower if the ED had an Independent or a Hybrid+Virtual model.

BibTeX

@article {fb8ca25553f540b6acdf73fd74d3bd8c,
number = {1},
publisher = {Lippincott Williams \& Wilkins, Ltd.},
issn = {0969-9546},
journal = {European Journal of Emergency Medicine},
pages = {27--32},
volume = {27},
language = {English},
doi = {10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000596},
month = {feb},
year = {2020},
abstract = {Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the association between emergency department (ED) organizational models and the risk of death within 7 days of ED discharge.Patients and methods: We included Danish ED discharges between 1 January 2011 and 24 December 2014 that led to death within 7 days of discharge. The inclusion criterion was age older than 18 years. The exclusion criterion was further in-hospital admission. First model (Virtual): other departments employ interns who perform ED tasks. They are responsible for ED patient care and prioritize their task order between their own department and the ED.Second model (Hybrid): the ED/other departments perform tasks; interns/consultants are employed by the ED/other departments. The ED/other departments have patient care responsibility.Third model (Independent): the ED performs all tasks; employs interns/consultants; and have patient care responsibility.Sex, age, Charlson Comorbidity Index score, and primary diagnosis were used to describe patient characteristics. We calculated the risk of death within 7 days of discharge using multiple logistic regression analysis.Results: In 805 out of 201 299 discharges included in the study, the patient died within 7 days. Compared with the Virtual model, the odds ratio for death within 7 days of discharge was 0.72 (95\% confidence interval: 0.59–0.92) for the Independent model and 0.75 (95\% confidence interval: 0.61–0.92) for the Hybrid+Virtual model. Increased risk was associated with male sex, older age, and a medium or a high Charlson Comorbidity Index score.Conclusion: Compared with discharges from a Virtual model, the risk of death within 7 days of discharge was lower if the ED had an Independent or a Hybrid+Virtual model.},
title = {Risk of death within 7 days of discharge from emergency departments with different organizational models},
biburl = {https://zeal.global/publications/risk-of-death-within-7-days-of-discharge-from-emergency-departments-with-different-organizational-models},
urltitle = {risk-of-death-within-7-days-of-discharge-from-emergency-departments-with-different-organizational-models},
author = {Møllekær, Anders and Kirkegaard, Hans and Vest Hansen, Betina and Duvald, Iben and Eskildsen, Jacob Kjær and Obel, Børge and Madsen, Bo}
}